Turn-by-turn navigation

VERSION 1.0.0

Navigation SDK for Android is only available upon request. Contact us to get started.

Turn-by-turn navigation is navigation along a calculated route. It provides information about the next maneuvers and the progress along the current route. To begin, add the navigation module to your project and set up a TomTomNavigation object. You can learn how to do this in the Quickstart guide.

Starting navigation

Once the TomTomNavigation object is initialized, you can start navigation. Turn-by-turn navigation requires NavigationOptions for navigation to follow. NavigationOptions encapsulate an active RoutePlan.

A RoutePlan consists of a Route and the RoutePlanningOptions objects used for planning it. You can learn more about how to plan a Route in the Planning a route guide.

val routePlan = RoutePlan(route = route, routePlanningOptions = routePlanningOptions)

Now you can use the prepared RoutePlan to create NavigationOptions and start navigation. To do this, call the start(NavigationOptions) method on your TomTomNavigation object.

tomTomNavigation.start(NavigationOptions(routePlan))
center

TomTomNavigation also supports manually stopping navigation. The TomTomNavigation.stop() method stops the current navigation session and clears all data related to it.

tomTomNavigation.stop()

If navigation was not started, the stop method will have no effect.

Updating the route

Once TomTomNavigation is started, the RoutePlan you’re following can be changed at any time; either manually or automatically by the navigation session.

The route changes during navigation are observed using:

  • The RouteUpdatedListener - provides information about the route updates that do not change the route geometry, see RouteUpdatedReason.
  • The RouteAddedListener - provides information about the new route being added to the navigation session.
  • The RouteRemovedListener - provides information about the route being removed from the navigation session.
  • The ActiveRouteChangedListener - provides information about the new route being applied as an active route; the route must have been previously added to the session.

You can manually change the RoutePlan you’re following at any time.

tomTomNavigation.setActiveRoutePlan(routePlan)

A manual RoutePlan update results in a RouteAddedReason.ManuallyUpdated reason provided in the RouteAddedListener.

Other reasons can occur after route replanning.

1val routeAddedListener =
2 RouteAddedListener { route: Route, options: RoutePlanningOptions, reason: RouteAddedReason ->
3 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
4 }
5val routeRemovedListener = RouteRemovedListener { route: Route, reason: RouteRemovedReason ->
6 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
7}
8val activeRouteChangedListener = ActiveRouteChangedListener { route: Route ->
9 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
10}
11val routeUpdatedListener = RouteUpdatedListener { route: Route, reason: RouteUpdatedReason ->
12 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
13}
14tomTomNavigation.addRouteAddedListener(routeAddedListener)
15tomTomNavigation.addRouteRemovedListener(routeRemovedListener)
16tomTomNavigation.addActiveRouteChangedListener(activeRouteChangedListener)
17tomTomNavigation.addRouteUpdatedListener(routeUpdatedListener)

To remove previously-added listeners, call the appropriate methods on the TomTomNavigation .

1tomTomNavigation.removeRouteAddedListener(routeAddedListener)
2tomTomNavigation.removeRouteRemovedListener(routeRemovedListener)
3tomTomNavigation.removeActiveRouteChangedListener(activeRouteChangedListener)
4tomTomNavigation.removeRouteUpdatedListener(routeUpdatedListener)

Saving and resuming navigation

If the NavigationVisualization object is used, make sure the NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewer object is initialized after it.

Whether the app crashed, it was accidentally terminated, or the system needed to free up resources, saving an ongoing navigation session ensures that TomTomNavigation can return to its previous state the next time the app is launched.

To support navigation session restoration TomTomNavigation offers the TomTomNavigation.navigationResumeSnapshot property and the TomTomNavigation.resume(navigationResumeSnapshot: NavigationResumeSnapshot) method. To serialize NavigationResumeSnapshot, use the NavigationResumeSnapshot.serialize() method. For deserialization, use the NavigationResumeSnapshot.deserialize(data: String) method.

Saving and resuming a navigation session can be done either automatically or manually.

Saving and resuming a navigation session automatically

In order to start saving the process automatically, create a default implementation of NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewer. Once navigation is started, a snapshot is saved periodically (30 seconds by default).

1val navigationResumeSnapshotRenewer = NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFactory.create(
2 context = context,
3 options = NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerOptions(),
4 tomTomNavigation = tomTomNavigation
5)

The interval for automatic saving can be set in NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerOptions.

1val options = NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerOptions(saveInterval = 40.seconds)
2val navigationResumeSnapshotRenewer = NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFactory.create(
3 context = context,
4 options = options,
5 tomTomNavigation = tomTomNavigation
6)

To automatically resume a previously saved navigation session, use the NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewer.resumeNavigation() method:

1navigationResumeSnapshotRenewer.resumeNavigation(
2 callback = object :
3 Callback<NavigationResumeSnapshot, NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFailure> {
4 override fun onSuccess(result: NavigationResumeSnapshot) {
5 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
6 }
7
8 override fun onFailure(failure: NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFailure) {
9 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
10 }
11 }
12)

To resume a previously saved navigation session manually, use the NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewer.latestNavigationResumeSnapshot() method:

1navigationResumeSnapshotRenewer.latestNavigationResumeSnapshot(
2 callback = object :
3 Callback<NavigationResumeSnapshot, NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFailure> {
4 override fun onSuccess(result: NavigationResumeSnapshot) {
5 tomTomNavigation.resume(result)
6 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
7 }
8
9 override fun onFailure(failure: NavigationResumeSnapshotRenewerFailure) {
10 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
11 }
12 }
13)

Saving and resuming a navigation session manually

If you want to save the NavigationResumeSnapshot as a file, you can use the following snippet:

1val fileName = "navigation_snapshot"
2tomTomNavigation.navigationResumeSnapshot()
3 .ifSuccess { snapshot ->
4 snapshot.serialize()
5 .ifSuccess { data ->
6 val file = File(context.filesDir, fileName)
7 FileOutputStream(file).use { fileOutputStream ->
8 fileOutputStream.write(data.toByteArray())
9 }
10 }
11 .ifFailure { failure: NavigationResumeSnapshotSerializationFailure ->
12 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
13 }
14 }
15 .ifFailure { failure: NavigationResumeSnapshotFailure ->
16 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
17 }

To resume a previously saved navigation session, you can use the following snippet:

1val fileName = "navigation_snapshot"
2val file = File(context.filesDir, fileName)
3if (file.exists()) {
4 val data = file.readText()
5 NavigationResumeSnapshot.deserialize(data)
6 .ifSuccess { snapshot ->
7 tomTomNavigation.resume(navigationResumeSnapshot = snapshot)
8 }
9 .ifFailure { failure: NavigationResumeSnapshotSerializationFailure ->
10 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
11 }
12}

After resuming, the TomTomNavigation.language and TomTomNavigation.unitSystem from the previous session will be applied. You can apply a new language and unitSystem via the TomTomNavigation object after resuming the session.

To improve performance, save the NavigationResumeSnapshot after key events that bring significant changes in the navigation state, like:

  • Starting navigation along a route.
  • Refreshing the route.
  • Deviating from the route.
  • Visiting a waypoint.

Route progress

The position-dependent data fields are collectively known as the "Route Progress" data. Examples of these data are position on route (offset from the beginning) and remaining travel time. These fields are updated on every position update roughly once per second for every followed route in the system. You can listen for changes to route progress. To listen for changes, set ProgressUpdatedListener to the TomTomNavigation object. ProgressUpdatedListener is triggered whenever the user’s progress along the Route is changed. It provides the current RouteProgress, which contains, among other things, the arrival time and the remaining distance along the route.

1val progressUpdatedListener = ProgressUpdatedListener { progress: RouteProgress ->
2 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
3}
4tomTomNavigation.addProgressUpdatedListener(progressUpdatedListener)

To remove a previously-added listener, call TomTomNavigation.removeProgressUpdatedListener(ProgressUpdatedListener).

tomTomNavigation.removeProgressUpdatedListener(progressUpdatedListener)

Route deviations

During the navigation, the TomTomNavigation tracks your position relative to the navigated routes and provides information which ones are followed. To listen for such updates, use the RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener.

The RouteTrackingState object is an argument provided by the RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener. It contains a list of the followed and unfollowed routes. Additionally, it tells when the driver deviates from all the routes. To verify if the driver deviated from the route, check if the RouteTrackingState.hasDeviated property is true.

To listen to the route tracking updates, set RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener to the TomTomNavigation object.

1val routeTrackingStateUpdatedListener =
2 RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener { routeTrackingState: RouteTrackingState ->
3 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
4 }
5tomTomNavigation.addRouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener(routeTrackingStateUpdatedListener)

To remove RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener use the TomTomNavigation.removeRouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener(RouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener) method.

tomTomNavigation.removeRouteTrackingStateUpdatedListener(routeTrackingStateUpdatedListener)

If the driver does deviate from the route, navigation enters free driving mode. This means that navigation runs without a RoutePlan. The RoutePlan automatically replans using the same cost model as used in the original RoutePlan. You can find more details about automatic replanning in the Replanning on deviation section.

You can disable automatic replanning and provide a new RoutePlan manually using the setActiveRoutePlan method.

Route guidance

The combination of maneuver instructions and maneuver announcements is called Route Guidance.

During navigation, TomTomNavigation generates a guidance update after each location change. Generated guidance consists of the next instructions, the distance to a maneuver, and an announcement if the distance is within a suitable range. The generated guidance is then sent to GuidanceUpdatedListener. Note that GuidanceUpdatedListener should be set before TomTomNavigation is started.

GuidanceUpdatedListener has three methods:

The GuidanceAnnouncement is an announcement point with its own message, location, and distance to the instruction point. The shouldPlay flag indicates whether announcement should be triggered according to guidelines.

1val guidanceUpdatedListener = object : GuidanceUpdatedListener {
2 override fun onInstructionsChanged(instructions: List<GuidanceInstruction>) {
3 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
4 }
5
6 override fun onAnnouncementGenerated(announcement: GuidanceAnnouncement, shouldPlay: Boolean) {
7 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
8 }
9
10 override fun onDistanceToNextInstructionChanged(
11 distance: Distance,
12 instructions: List<GuidanceInstruction>,
13 currentPhase: InstructionPhase
14 ) {
15 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
16 }
17}
18tomTomNavigation.addGuidanceUpdatedListener(guidanceUpdatedListener)

To remove a previously-added GuidanceUpdatedListener use the TomTomNavigation.removeGuidanceUpdatedListener(GuidanceUpdatedListener) method.

tomTomNavigation.removeGuidanceUpdatedListener(guidanceUpdatedListener)

Instruction language can be changed by updating TomTomNavigation.preferredLanguage property.

tomTomNavigation.preferredLanguage = Locale.FRANCE

Current language can be retrieved by TomTomNavigation.language property.

Lane level guidance

TomTomNavigation has built-in support for generating lane guidance. Lane guidance is generated for each LaneSection object in a Route.

You can learn more about how to request a route with a LaneSection by reading the Route sections guide.

The LaneGuidance object includes:

  • lanes - This is an object that consists of a list with directions and an optional lane direction that the driver should follow.
  • laneSeparators - This is a list of lane separators.
  • routeOffset - This is the distance in meters from the start of the route to the start of the lanes.
  • length - This is the length in meters of the lane section.

The generated LaneGuidance is sent to LaneGuidanceUpdatedListener. LaneGuidanceUpdatedListener has two methods:

1val laneGuidanceUpdatedListener = object : LaneGuidanceUpdatedListener {
2 override fun onLaneGuidanceStarted(laneGuidance: LaneGuidance) {
3 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
4 }
5
6 override fun onLaneGuidanceEnded(laneGuidance: LaneGuidance) {
7 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
8 }
9}
10tomTomNavigation.addLaneGuidanceUpdatedListener(laneGuidanceUpdatedListener)

To remove a previously-added LaneGuidanceUpdatedListener, use the TomTomNavigation.removeLaneGuidanceUpdatedListener(LaneGuidanceUpdateListener) method.

tomTomNavigation.removeLaneGuidanceUpdatedListener(laneGuidanceUpdatedListener)

Arrival experience

The Navigation module uses the generated RouteProgress to detect that the user has arrived at the destination. Once arrival is detected it triggers DestinationArrivalListener. This means that the ArrivalDetectionEngine has detected an arrival.

At that point navigation continues to be in turn-by-turn mode until it’s stopped.

1val destinationArrivalListener = DestinationArrivalListener {
2 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
3}
4tomTomNavigation.addDestinationArrivalListener(destinationArrivalListener)

DestinationArrivalListener can be removed as below.

tomTomNavigation.removeDestinationArrivalListener(destinationArrivalListener)

Waypoint arrival

The Route being followed can contain route stops that the driver wants to visit before arriving at the destination. These stops, called waypoints, are included in routeStops as instances of the type RouteStop. You can find more details on waypoints in the Waypoints and custom routes guide.

Arriving at a waypoint can be divided into three phases: Approaching, Visiting, and Departing. Once waypoint arrival state change is detected it triggers WaypointArrivalListener. This means that the ArrivalDetectionEngine has successfully detected an arrival at the waypoint. It determines arrival by verifying whether the distance along the route is within the arrival radius of the waypoint. This distance threshold is set to 100 meters for motorways and 50 meters for other roads. The waypoint is also automatically marked as departed when the user is on an active route and has increased the distance along the route by the distance threshold. If the user deviates from the active route near a waypoint, the waypoint will be considered departed if the user moves away from the waypoint by more than the distance threshold in a straight line.

1val waypointArrivalListener = object : WaypointArrivalListener {
2 override fun onWaypointArrived(waypoint: RouteStop, route: Route) {
3 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
4 }
5
6 override fun onWaypointDeparted(waypoint: RouteStop, route: Route) {
7 /* YOUR CODE GOES HERE */
8 }
9}
10tomTomNavigation.addWaypointArrivalListener(waypointArrivalListener)

WaypointArrivalListener can be removed as shown in the following figure.

tomTomNavigation.removeWaypointArrivalListener(waypointArrivalListener)

The Navigation module allows you to manually mark a waypoint as visited, independent of ArrivalDetectionEngine.

tomTomNavigation.departFromWaypoint(waypoint)

This method throws an exception if the specified waypoint has not been previously arrived at or has no effect if it has already been departed from.

As a result of successful action, the WaypointArrivalListener.onWaypointDeparted is notified. This notification signifies the completion of arrival detection for the specific waypoint. Navigation then switches its focus to detecting arrival for the next waypoint, if one exists.

Next steps

Since you have learned how to work with turn-by-turn navigation, here are recommendations for the next steps: